Principles of Universal Design
following seven principles of Universal Design are reproduced with permission
from the Center for Universal Design, North Carolina State University:
ONE: Equitable Use
design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
TWO: Flexibility in Use
design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
THREE: Simple and Intuitive Use
of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience,
knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
FOUR: Perceptible Information
design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless
of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.
FIVE: Tolerance for Error
design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or
SIX: Low Physical Effort
design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
and Space for Approach and Use:
size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless
of user's body size, posture, or mobility.
© 1997 NC State University,
Center for Universal Design.